Privacy, Disclaimer, Terms and Conditions
Date of Last Revision: 28 July 2015
Submission Data ("Upload" Data, "PDF Full Text Upload" Data)
: In consideration of your use of the Site, you agree to be fully responsible for any actions that take place when submitting/uploading data/files.
Proprietary Rights in Site Content and Limited License
: You understand that the Service and the Site are available for your personal, non-commercial use only. You represent, warrant and agree that no materials of any kind submitted through your account or otherwise posted, transmitted, or shared by you on or through the Service will violate or infringe upon the rights of any third party, including copyright, trademark, privacy, publicity or other personal or proprietary rights; or contain libelous, defamatory or otherwise unlawful material. In addition, you agree not to use the Service or the Site to: (1) harvest or collect email addresses or other contact information of other users from the Service or the Site by electronic or other means for the purposes of sending unsolicited emails or other unsolicited communications; (2) use the Service or the Site in any unlawful manner or in any other manner that could damage, disable, overburden or impair the Site; (3) use automated scripts to collect information from or otherwise interact with the Service or the Site; (4) upload, post, transmit, share, store or otherwise make available any content that we deem to be harmful, threatening, unlawful, defamatory, infringing, abusive, inflammatory, harassing, vulgar, obscene, fraudulent, invasive of privacy or publicity rights, hateful, or racially, ethnically or otherwise objectionable; (5) upload, post, transmit, share, store or otherwise make available any pictures or videos other than those of a personal nature that: (i) are of you or your friends, (ii) are taken by you or your friends, or (iii) are original art or animation created by you or your friends; (6) register for more than one User account, register for a User account on behalf of an individual other than yourself, or register for a User account on behalf of any group or entity; (7) impersonate any person or entity, or falsely state or otherwise misrepresent yourself, your age or your affiliation with any person or entity; (8) upload, post, transmit, share or otherwise make available any unsolicited or unauthorized advertising, solicitations, promotional materials, "junk mail," "spam," "chain letters," "pyramid schemes," or any other form of solicitation; (9) upload, post, transmit, share, store or otherwise make publicly available on the Site any private information of any third party, including, addresses, phone numbers, email addresses, Social Security numbers and credit card numbers; (10) solicit personal information from anyone under 18 or solicit passwords or personally identifying information for commercial or unlawful purposes; (11) upload, post, transmit, share or otherwise make available any material that contains software viruses or any other computer code, files or programs designed to interrupt, destroy or limit the functionality of any computer software or hardware or telecommunications equipment; (11) intimidate or harass another; (12) upload, post, transmit, share, store or otherwise make available content that would constitute, encourage or provide instructions for a criminal offense, violate the rights of any party, or that would otherwise create liability or violate any local, state, national or international law; (12) use or attempt to use another's account, service or system without authorization, or create a false identity on the Service or the Site; (13) upload, post, transmit, share, store or otherwise make available content that, in the sole judgment of EurekaMag.com, is objectionable or which restricts or inhibits any other person from using or enjoying the Site, or which may expose EurekaMag.com or its users to any harm or liability of any type.
User Content Posted on the Site
: You are solely responsible for the data, photos, profiles (including your name, image, and likeness), information, comments, pictures, and other content that you upload, publish or display (hereinafter, "post") on or through the Service or the Site, or transmit to or share with other users (collectively the "User Content"). You may not post, transmit, or share User Content on the Site or Service that you did not create or that you do not have permission to post. You understand and agree that EurekaMag.com may, but is not obligated to, review the Site and may delete or remove (without notice) any Site Content or User Content in its sole discretion, for any reason or no reason, including User Content that in the sole judgment of EurekaMag.com violates this Agreement, or which might be offensive, illegal, or that might violate the rights, harm, or threaten the safety of users or others. You are solely responsible at your sole cost and expense for creating backup copies and replacing any User Content you post or store on the Site or provide to EurekaMag.com. When you post User Content to the Site, you authorize and direct us to make such copies thereof as we deem necessary in order to facilitate the posting and storage of the User Content on the Site. EurekaMag.com does not assert any ownership over your User Content; rather, as between us and you, subject to the rights granted to us in these Terms, you retain full ownership of all of your User Content and any intellectual property rights or other proprietary rights associated with your User Content. If for any reason you would like to have your User Content removed from our database, please contact us and include with your request the URL of the User Content to be removed.
: You expressly agrees that use of EurekaMag.com is at the user's sole risk. The Content includes but is not limited to everything accessible from and on the Sites, such as stories, articles, images, videos, audio files, advertisements and other information. The Content of these Sites is for the sole purpose of being informative. The Content is not and should not be used or relied upon as medical, legal, financial or other advice. Under no circumstances will EurekaMag.com or its affiliates or employees be liable for any loss or damage caused by a user's reliance on information obtained through EurekaMag.com and affiliated websites. It is the responsibility of the user to evaluate the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, procedure, advice, opinion or other content available through EurekaMag.com. Please secure the advice of professionals, as appropriate, regarding the evaluation of any specific information, opinion, advice or other content presented. Nothing contained in EurekaMag.com websites or linked to by EurekaMag.com is intended by EurekaMag.com or its employees, affiliates or information providers to be instructional for medical diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of a visit, call, consultation or the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider promptly if you have any healthcare-related questions or before you undergo any treatment or began a diet or fitness program. You should never disregard medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on EurekaMag.com or an affiliated Site. Before trading stock users are advised to consult with a professional broker or other financial representative to verify information presented on EurekaMag.com. EurekaMag.com, its affiliates, employees, and information providers shall have no liability for investment decisions based on the information provided. Likewise, do not use EurekaMag.com to decide important courses of action. You should never disregard professional advice or delay in seeking advice because of something you have read on EurekaMag.com. EurekaMag.com and affiliated Sites are provided "AS IS" without warranty, express or implied. ITS LICENSORS, AND ITS SUPPLIERS, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTIES' RIGHTS, AND FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Without limiting the foregoing, EurekaMag.com, its affiliates, licensors, information providers and its suppliers make no representations or warranties about the following: The accuracy, reliability, currentness, completeness, or timeliness of the Content, software, text, graphics, videos, links, or communications provided on or through the use of the EurekaMag.com website or other related publications. The satisfaction of any government regulations requiring disclosure of information on prescription drug products or the compliance or approval of any software with regard to the content contained on EurekaMag.com. In no event shall EurekaMag.com, its affiliates, its information providers, its licensors, its suppliers, or any third parties mentioned on any EurekaMag.com affiliated site be liable for any damages (including, without limitation, direct, indirect, incidental, special, consequential or punitive damages, personal injury/wrongful death, lost profits, or damages resulting from lost data or business interruption) resulting from the use of or inability to use the Sites or the Content, whether based on warranty, contract, tort, or any other legal theory, and whether or not EurekaMag.com, its affiliates, its licensors, its suppliers, or any third parties mentioned on the Sites are advised of the possibility of such damages. EurekaMag.com, its affiliates, its employees, its information providers, its licensors, its suppliers, or any third parties mentioned on the EurekaMag.com are not liable for any personal injury, including death, caused by your use or misuse of any of these Sites or content. Any claims arising in connection with your use of the Site or any content, must be brought within one (1) year of the date of the event giving rise to such action occurred. Remedies under these Terms and Conditions are exclusive and are limited to those expressly provided for in these Terms and Conditions. User hereby acknowledges that the provisions of these sections shall apply to all Content on EurekaMag.com or received from these Sites through any means. The section headings used herein are for convenience only and shall not be given any legal import.
Digital Millenium Copyright Act (DMCA) information
: EurekaMag.com (the "Provider") respects the intellectual property rights of third parties and responds to allegations that copyrighted material has been posted, uploaded or shared on or through EurekaMag.com (the "Site") without authorization from the copyright holder in accordance with the safe harbor set forth in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA").
Notification of alleged copyright infringement
: The DMCA provides recourse for copyright owners who believe that material appearing on the Internet infringes their rights under U.S. copyright law. If you have a good faith belief regarding the use of materials on the Site infringes your copyright, you may send to the Provider a notice requesting that the material be removed, or access to it be blocked.If you believe that your work has been copied and made available through the Site in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, you may send a document to infringement[at]eurekamag.com that contains the following (a "Notice"):
- A description of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed and, if multiple copyrighted works are covered by a single notification, a list of all such works.
- Identification of the URL or other specific location that contains the material that you claim infringes your copyright described above. You must provide us with reasonably sufficient information to locate the allegedly infringing material.
- A physical or electronic signature of the copyright holder or a person authorized to act on his or her behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed.
- A statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or applicable law.
- A statement by you that the information contained in your Notice is accurate and that you attest under the penalty of perjury that you are the copyright owner or that you are authorized to act on the owner's behalf.
- Your name, mailing address, telephone number, and email address.
Repeat infringer policy
: In accordance with the DMCA and other applicable laws, we will, at our discretion, disable and/or terminate access to the Site by users who may infringe or repeatedly infringe the copyrights of others.
Access for rightsholders
: EurekaMag.com generally provides access to all users, so that rightsholders can check and find eventual copyright infringements on EurekaMag.com.
Keine Abmahnung ohne vorherigen Kontakt
: Sollte der Inhalt oder die Aufmachung dieser Seiten fremde Rechte Dritter oder gesetzliche Bestimmungen verletzen, so bitten wir um eine entsprechende Nachricht ohne Kostennote. Die Beseitigung einer möglicherweise von diesen Seiten ausgehenden Schutzrecht-Verletzung durch Schutzrecht-InhaberInnen selbst darf nicht ohne unsere Zustimmung stattfinden. Wir garantieren, dass die zu Recht beanstandeten Passagen unverzüglich entfernt werden, ohne dass von Ihrer Seite die Einschaltung eines Rechtsbeistandes erforderlich ist. Dennoch von Ihnen ohne vorherige Kontaktaufnahme ausgelöste Kosten werden wir vollumfänglich zurückweisen und gegebenenfalls Gegenklage wegen Verletzung vorgenannter Bestimmungen einreichen. EurekaMag.com ist bestrebt, in allen Publikationen die Urheberrechte der verwendeten Dateien, Grafiken, Tondokumente, Videosequenzen und Texte zu beachten, von ihm selbst erstellte Grafiken, Tondokumente, Videosequenzen und Texte zu nutzen oder auf lizenzfreie Dateien, Grafiken, Tondokumente, Videosequenzen und Texte zurückzugreifen. Alle innerhalb des Internetangebotes genannten und ggf. durch Dritte geschützten Marken- und Warenzeichen unterliegen uneingeschränkt den Bestimmungen des jeweils gültigen Kennzeichenrechts und den Besitzrechten der jeweiligen eingetragenen Eigentümer. Allein aufgrund der bloßen Nennung ist nicht der Schluss zu ziehen, dass Markenzeichen nicht durch Rechte Dritter geschützt sind! Das Copyright für veröffentlichte, von EurekaMag.com selbst erstellte Objekte bleibt allein bei EurekaMag.com. Eine Vervielfältigung oder Verwendung solcher Dateien, Grafiken, Tondokumente, Videosequenzen und Texte in anderen elektronischen oder gedruckten Publikationen ist ohne ausdrückliche Zustimmung von EurekaMag.com nicht gestattet.
Verweise und Links
: Bei direkten oder indirekten Verweisen auf fremde Webseiten ("Hyperlinks"), die außerhalb des Verantwortungsbereiches von EurekaMag.com liegen, würde eine Haftungsverpflichtung ausschließlich in dem Fall in Kraft treten, in dem EurekaMag.com von den Inhalten Kenntnis hat und es ihm technisch möglich und zumutbar wäre, die Nutzung im Falle rechtswidriger Inhalte zu verhindern. EurekaMag.com erklärt hiermit ausdrücklich, dass zum Zeitpunkt der Linksetzung keine illegalen Inhalte auf den zu verlinkenden Seiten erkennbar waren. Auf die aktuelle und zukünftige Gestaltung, die Inhalte oder die Urheberschaft der gelinkten/verknüpften Seiten hat EurekaMag.com keinerlei Einfluss. Deshalb distanziert er sich hiermit ausdrücklich von allen Inhalten aller gelinkten/verknüpften Seiten, die nach der Linksetzung verändert wurden. Diese Feststellung gilt für alle innerhalb des eigenen Internetangebotes gesetzten Links und Verweise sowie für Fremdeinträge in von EurekaMag.com eingerichteten Webseiten, Gästebüchern, Diskussionsforen und Mailinglisten. Für illegale, fehlerhafte oder unvollständige Inhalte und insbesondere für Schäden, die aus der Nutzung oder Nichtnutzung solcherart dargebotener Informationen entstehen, haftet allein der Anbieter der Seite, auf welche verwiesen wurde, nicht derjenige, der über Links auf die jeweilige Veröffentlichung lediglich verweist.
: EurekaMag.com trägt keine Verantwortung für die Art, in der die hier zur Verfügung gestellten Informationen genutzt werden. Dateien und alles andere auf dieser Seite sind nur für den privaten Gebrauch bestimmt und sollten darum nicht runtergeladen, gespeichert oder gelesen werden. Wenn Sie irgendwie in Verbindung mit der Regierung, Anti-Pirate Gruppen, der MPAA, CCA, Mediavision oder anderen ähnlichen Gruppen stehen, ist der Zugang zu den Dateien und das lesen der HTML Seiten verboten. Alle Objekte dieser Seite sind privater Eigentum und somit nicht zum lesen bestimmt. Es ist also verboten diese Seite zu betreten. Wenn Sie diese Seite dennoch betreten, verstoßen Sie gegen den "Code 431.322.12 of The Internet Privacy Act", der 1995 von Bill Clinton verabschiedet wurde. Das heißt, Sie können gegen die Personen, welche diese Dateien verwalten, nicht vorgehen. Wenn Sie dieser Vereinbarung nicht zustimmen, sind Sie gezwungen diese Seiten wieder zu verlassen.
: Mit Urteil vom 12. Mai 1998 hat das Landgericht Hamburg entschieden, dass man durch die Ausbringung eines Links die Inhalte der gelinkten Seite ggf. mit zu verantworten hat. Dies kann - so das Landgericht - nur dadurch verhindert werden, dass man sich ausdrücklich von diesen Inhalten distanziert. EurekaMag.com hat Links zu anderen Seiten im Internet gelegt. Für all diese Links gilt: EurekaMag.com betont ausdrücklich, dass es keinerlei Einfluss auf die Gestaltung und die Inhalte der gelinkten Seiten hat. Deshalb distanziere sich EurekaMag.com hiermit ausdrücklich von allen Inhalten aller gelinkten Seiten. Diese Erklärung gilt für alle ausgebrachten Links und für alle Inhalte der Seiten, zu denen die Hyperlinks führen.
Third Party Websites and Content
: The Site contains (or you may be sent through the Site or the Service) links to other websites ("Third Party Sites") as well as articles, photographs, text, graphics, pictures, designs, music, sound, video, information, applications, software and other content or items belonging to or originating from third parties (the "Third Party Applications, Software or Content"). Such Third Party Sites and Third Party Applications, Software or Content are not investigated, monitored or checked for accuracy, appropriateness, or completeness by us, and we are not responsible for any Third Party Sites accessed through the Site or any Third Party Applications, Software or Content posted on, available through or installed from the Site, including the content, accuracy, offensiveness, opinions, reliability, privacy practices or other policies of or contained in the Third Party Sites or the Third Party Applications, Software or Content. Inclusion of, linking to or permitting the use or installation of any Third Party Site or any Third Party Applications, Software or Content does not imply approval or endorsement thereof by us. If you decide to leave the Site and access the Third Party Sites or to use or install any Third Party Applications, Software or Content, you do so at your own risk and you should be aware that our terms and policies no longer govern. You should review the applicable terms and policies, including privacy and data gathering practices, of any site to which you navigate from the Site or relating to any applications you use or install from the site.
: We care about the privacy of our users. By using the Site or the Service, you are consenting to have your personal data transferred to and processed in Germany.
: EurekaMag.com is not responsible or liable in any manner for any User Content or Third Party Applications, Software or Content posted on the Site or in connection with the Service, whether posted or caused by users of the Site, by EurekaMag.com, by third parties or by any of the equipment or programming associated with or utilized in the Site or the Service. Although we provide rules for user conduct and postings, we do not control and are not responsible for what users post, transmit or share on the Site and are not responsible for any offensive, inappropriate, obscene, unlawful or otherwise objectionable content you may encounter on the Site or in connection with any User Content or Third Party Applications, Software or Content. EurekaMag.com is not responsible for the conduct, whether online or offline, of any user of the Site or Service. The Site and the Service may be temporarily unavailable from time to time for maintenance or other reasons. EurekaMag.com assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, delay in operation or transmission, communications line failure, theft or destruction or unauthorized access to, or alteration of, User communications. EurekaMag.com is not responsible for any technical malfunction or other problems of any network or service, computer systems, servers or providers, computer or other equipment, software, failure of email on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any Site or combination thereof, including injury or damage to User's or to any other person's computer, or other hardware or software, related to or resulting from using or downloading materials in connection with the Web and/or in connection with the Service, including any software. Under no circumstances will the Company be responsible for any loss or damage, including any loss or damage to any User Content or personal injury or death, resulting from anyone's use of the Site or the Service, any User Content or Third Party Applications, Software or Content posted on or through the Site or the Service or transmitted to Users, or any interactions between users of the Site, whether online or offline. THE SITE, THE SERVICE, ANY PLATFORM APPLICATIONS AND THE SITE CONTENT ARE PROVIDED "AS-IS" AND THE COMPANY DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF TITLE, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. EurekaMag.com CANNOT GUARANTEE AND DOES NOT PROMISE ANY SPECIFIC RESULTS FROM USE OF THE SITE AND/OR THE SERVICE. EurekaMag.com DOES NOT REPRESENT OR WARRANT THAT CONTENT OR MATERIALS ON THE SITE ARE ACCURATE, COMPLETE, RELIABLE, CURRENT OR ERROR-FREE. THEREFORE, YOU SHOULD EXERCISE CAUTION IN THE USE OF ANY SUCH CONTENT OR MATERIALS. WITHOUT LIMITING THE FOREGOING, YOU UNDERSTAND AND AGREE THAT YOU DOWNLOAD OR OTHERWISE OBTAIN CONTENT, MATERIAL, DATA FROM OR THROUGH THE SERVICE AND ANY PLATFORM APPLICATIONS AT YOUR OWN DISCRETION AND RISK AND THAT YOU WILL BE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR YOUR USE THEREOF AND ANY DAMAGES TO YOUR COMPUTER SYSTEM, LOSS OF DATA OR OTHER HARM OF ANY KIND THAT MAY RESULT. EurekaMag.com reserves the right to change any and all content, software and other items used or contained in the Site and any Services offered through the Site at any time without notice. Reference to any products, services, processes or other information, by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, supplier or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, sponsorship or recommendation thereof, or any affiliation therewith, by EurekaMag.com.
Limitation on Liability
: IN NO EVENT WILL EurekaMag.com OR ITS DEVELOPERS BE LIABLE TO YOU OR ANY THIRD PERSON FOR ANY INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, EXEMPLARY, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, INCLUDING FOR ANY LOST PROFITS OR LOST DATA ARISING FROM YOUR USE OF THE SITE OR THE SERVICE, OR ANY OF THE SITE CONTENT OR OTHER MATERIALS ON, ACCESSED THROUGH OR DOWNLOADED FROM THE SITE, EVEN IF EurekaMag.com IS AWARE OR HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING TO THE CONTRARY CONTAINED HEREIN, EurekaMag.com's LIABILITY TO YOU FOR ANY CAUSE WHATSOEVER, AND REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF THE ACTION, WILL AT ALL TIMES BE LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT PAID, IF ANY, BY YOU TO EurekaMag.com FOR THE SERVICE DURING THE TERM OF MEMBERSHIP, BUT IN NO CASE WILL EurekaMag.com'S LIABILITY TO YOU EXCEED EUR100. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT IF NO FEES ARE PAID TO EurekaMag.com FOR THE SERVICE, YOU SHALL BE LIMITED TO INJUNCTIVE RELIEF ONLY, UNLESS OTHERWISE PERMITTED BY LAW, AND SHALL NOT BE ENTITLED TO DAMAGES OF ANY KIND FROM COMPANY, REGARDLESS OF THE CAUSE OF ACTION. CERTAIN STATE OR COUNTRY LAWS DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF CERTAIN DAMAGES. IF THESE LAWS APPLY TO YOU, SOME OR ALL OF THE ABOVE DISCLAIMERS, EXCLUSIONS OR LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU, AND YOU MAY HAVE ADDITIONAL RIGHTS.
: EurekaMag.com may terminate any content or information that you have posted on the Site and/or prohibit you from using or accessing the Service or the Site (or any portion, aspect or feature of the Service or the Site) for any reason, or no reason, at any time in its sole discretion, with or without notice, including if it believes that you are under 13, or under 18 and not at school.
Submissions and Uploads
: You acknowledge and agree that any questions, comments, suggestions, ideas, feedback or other information about the Site or the Service ("Submissions"), provided by you to EurekaMag.com are non-confidential and might be posted at EurekaMag.com. EurekaMag.com may publish these Submissions for any purpose, commercial or otherwise, without acknowledgment or compensation to you.
: Like many other Web sites, EurekaMag.com uses log files. The information inside the log files includes internet protocol ( IP ) addresses, type of browser, Internet Service Provider ( ISP ), date/time stamp, referring/exit pages, and number of clicks to analyze trends, administer the site, track user’s movement around the site, and gather demographic information. IP addresses, and other such information are not linked to any information that is personally identifiable.
Cookies and Web Beacons
(1) EurekaMag.com measures visitors using Google Analytics. This records what pages you view within the site, how you arrived at the site and some basic information about your device. All of that information is anonymous – so EurekaMag.com does not know who you are; just that somebody visited the site. The information collected from analytics helps understanding what parts of the site are doing well, how users arrive at the site and so on. Like most websites, this information is used to make EurekaMag.com better. You can learn more about Google Analytics
or opt out if you wish
(2) Facebook, Twitter, AddThis and other social networks provide social buttons and similar features which EurekaMag.com uses on the site – such as the "Follow" and "Share" buttons. EurekaMag.com contains embedded code that these services provide and that the site does not control. These buttons work if you’re logged into their services. EurekaMag.com does not have any access to that information, and the site cannot control how those networks use it. Social networks therefore could know that you are viewing EurekaMag.com, if you use their services. As EurekaMag.com is remarkably inoffensive this might not be a concern for most users.
If you wish to disable cookies, you may do so through your individual browser options. More detailed information about cookie management with specific web browsers can be found at the browsers’ respective websites.
(4) If you explicitly request a "PDF Full Text", EurekaMag.com records specific personal information about you, such as your name and email address. This is to inform you when the requested information, i.e, the PDF Full Text, is available on the site. This information is not systematically collected and immediately deleted (a) once we have informed you by email about the availability of the "PDF Full Text", or (b) if we cannot trace the "PDF Full Text". We may send you email notifications regarding the availability of a "PDF Full Text" which you have specifically requested. Since this is a one-time email, you do not have to (but can) opt out of any of such communication at any time.
We will never provide your personal information or email address to any third parties.