Some aspects of the biology of the cercaria and metacercaria of Stephanostomum baccatum (Nicoll, 1907) Manter, 1934 (Digenea: Acanthocolpidae)

MacKenzie, K.; Liversidge, J.M.

Journal of Fish Biology 7(2): 247-256

1975


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1112
DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1975.tb04596.x
Accession: 000195860

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Abstract
Experimental proof is presented that Cercaria neptunae is the cercaria of Stephanostomum baccatum and that the gastropods Buccinum undatum and Neptunea antiqua both act as its first intermediate host in the north-east Atlantic. Heavy experimental infections were associated with mortalities of 0+ plaice (Pleuronectes platessa.) The probable effects on plaice of infections at intensities below the lethal level are discussed. Under natural conditions almost all S. baccatum infection of plaice occurs in the first year of life, but newly emerged cercariae were shown experimentally to be capable of encysting in the musculature of plaice up to three years old. The thicker epidermis of older plaice may account for their resistance to infection. Common dabs were more easily infected than plaice. The ability of S. baccatum cercariae to infect plaice and common dabs is inversely related to the length of time between emergence and contact with the host. The differences in skin structure between opposite sides of the plaice body may account for the asymmetrical distribution of metacercariae in the musculature. The potential use of S. baccatum as a biological tag is discussed. [AS].

Some aspects of the biology of the cercaria and metacercaria of Stephanostomum baccatum (Nicoll, 1907) Manter, 1934 (Digenea: Acanthocolpidae)