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Effect of warm periods and of constant temperatures on some biological criteria in Spodoptera littoralis Boisduval (Lepidoptera Noctuidae)



Effect of warm periods and of constant temperatures on some biological criteria in Spodoptera littoralis Boisduval (Lepidoptera Noctuidae)



Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France 13(2): 369-379



Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) was reared on an artificial diet under 8 constant temperatures (between 5 and 40 deg C) and 4 sets of alternating temperatures (12 h at each). Larval development took place between 15 and 35 deg C. The optimum constant temperature for the larvae was 25 deg C (at which the larval stage averaged 17.8 days and larvae mortality was 21.6%).

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