+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Enzyme variation in the Anopheles gambiae Giles group of species (Diptera: Culicidae)

Enzyme variation in the Anopheles gambiae Giles group of species (Diptera: Culicidae)

Bulletin of Entomological Research 681: 85-96

The genotypes of chromosomally-identified individuals from natural populations of the known species of the group of Anopheles gambiae Giles were scored for the enzyme protein structural loci coding for adenylate kinase (Adk), alpha -naphthyl acetate esterase (Est-1, Est-2, Est-3), glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (Got), alpha -glycerophosphate dehydrogenase ( alpha Gpd), hexokinase (Hk), isocitric dehydrogenase (Idh), lactic dehydrogenase (Ldh), 'leucine' aminopeptidase (Lap-2), malic enzyme (Me), octanol dehydrogenase (Odh), phosphoglucomutase (Pgm-1, Pgm-2), 6-phosphogluconic dehydrogenase (6-Pgd), phosphohexose isomerase (Phi) and superoxide dismutase (Sod), following starch gel electrophoresis. In the material examined, Est-1, Est-2, Est-3, Got, Idh, Lap-2, Odh, Pgm-1, Pgm-2 and Sod were segregating for two or more alleles; unique alleles at the Est-1, Got and Sod loci produced species-specific phenotypes in A. melas (Theo.), species C and species D, respectively. The further sampling of A. merus Don. populations supported the presence of a unique SOD phenotype by which this species can also be identified. Of the other enzyme systems examined, no activity following electrophoresis was detected for aldolase and fructose-1,6-diphosphatase, and the resolution of acid and alkaline phosphatase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic dehydrogenase and xanthine dehydrogenase was too poor under the particular electrophoretic conditions for genetic analyses of the enzyme phenotypes.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 000367264

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1017/s0007485300007173

Related references

Enzyme variation in the anopheles gambiae group of species diptera culicidae. Bulletin of Entomological Research 68(1): 85-97, 1978

Interspecific variation in diving activity among Anopheles gambiae Giles, An. arabiensis Patton, and An. funestus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae. Journal of Vector Ecology 32(1): 112-117, 2007

Salinity and breeding of Culex quinquefasciatus Say, Anopheles funestus Giles and Anopheles gambiae Giles sensu stricto (Diptera: Culicidae) on the Kenya Coast. Cahiers ORSTOM, Entomologie Medicale et Parasitologie 1984; 21(3): 135-138, 1983

Studies on the sibling species Anopheles gambiae Giles and Anopheles arabiensis Patton (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Kisumu area, Kenya. Bulletin of Entomological Research 691: 43-53, 1979

An analysis of the numbers of Anopheles gambiae Giles and A. funestus Giles (Diptera, Culicidae) in huts in Northern Nigeria. Bull. ent. Res, London, 55: pt. 1, 29-34, 1964

Hybridisation studies on sibling species of the Anopheles gambiae Giles complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in the laboratory. Bulletin of Entomological Research 703: 391-398, 1980

Differentiation between species of the Anopheles gambiae Giles complex (Diptera: Culicidae) by analysis of cuticular hydrocarbons. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 73(6): 589-592, 1979

Mixing of indoor- and outdoor-resting adults of Anopheles gambiae Giles s.l. and A. funestus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) in coastal Tanzania. Bulletin of Entomological Research 761: 171-178, 1986

Differential attractiveness of human foot odours to Anopheles gambiae Giles sensu stricto (Diptera: Culicidae) and variation in their chemical composition. Acta Tropica 128(1): 144-148, 2013

The value of hindleg banding patterns in the identification of species of the Anopheles gambiae Giles complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in Natal, South Africa. Mosquito Systematics 212: 77-82, 1989

Bionomics of Anopheles gambiae Giles, An. arabiensis Patton, An. funestus Giles and An. nili (Theobald) (Diptera: Culicidae) and transmission of Plasmodium falciparum in a Sudano-Guinean zone (Ngari, Senegal). Journal of Medical Entomology 40(3): 279-283, 2003

Use of the palpal ratio and the number of pale bands on the palps in separating Anopheles gambiae Giles s.s. and Anopheles melas Theobald (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics 122: 155-163, 1980

The effect of bed nets on feeding by Anopheles gambiae Giles (Diptera: Culicidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 72(3): 483-488, 1982

Mating affects egg maturation in Anopheles gambiae Giles (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Vector Ecology 29(1): 135-139, 2004

Olfactory responses of host-seeking Anopheles gambiae s.s. Giles (Diptera: Culicidae). Acta Tropica 59(4): 333-335, 1995