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Problems facing the control of Simulium species in the onchocerciasis zones of Mexico


Problems facing the control of Simulium species in the onchocerciasis zones of Mexico



Scientific Publication, Pan American Health Organization 1976(298): 96-97



In Mexico, Simulium ochraceum Wlk. is probably the main vector of onchocerciasis, but S. callidum (D. & S.) and S. metallicum Bellardi are also suspected to be vectors. There are 3 foci of the disease in high rainfall areas (up to 230 in. rain/year) on nearly inaccessible mountain slopes. Other man-biting species, such as S. gonzalezi Vargas & Diaz Najera and S. haematopotum Mall., may outnumber the vector species in numbers biting.

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