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Productivity of Africander, Tswana, Tuli and crossbred beef cattle in Botswana

Productivity of Africander, Tswana, Tuli and crossbred beef cattle in Botswana

Animal Production 24(1): 57-62

ISSN/ISBN: 0003-3561

DOI: 10.1017/s0003356100039209

The 3 indigenous beef cattle breeds in Botswana, the Tswana, Africander and Tuli, were evaluated for reproductive performance, viability and growth. Over 3 yr the calving percentages of 1389 Africander cows, 305 Tswanas and 357 Tulis were 64.5, 70.6 and 85, respectively. These differences were significant (P < 0.05). Mortality of the Africander calves was higher to 2 yr of age, 11% compared with 7.5% for Tswana calves and 7.4% for Tulis. The 18 mo. weight of 219 Tuli cattle was 284 kg, and of 454 Tswanas 279 kg, both superior to the 270 kg for the 786 Africanders. Productivity estimates combining these 3 traits demonstrate the value of the Tuli breed for Botswana conditions. Comparisons of the crossbreds produced by the use of Simmental, Brahman, Bonsmara and Tuli sires on Tswana cows showed an advantage in growth to 18 mo. through crossbreeding. The 18 mo. weights of Simmental and Brahman crosses at 324 and 304 kg, respectively, were significantly different, and superior to the weight of pure Tswana at 279 kg. Bonsmara and Tuli crosses at 294 and 290 kg also showed a significant increase over the pure Tswana. The use of the Simmental is now recommended for better management conditions, with Brahman crossbreeding on a wider scale.

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Accession: 000470453

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