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Relationship of relative weight and body mass index to 14-year mortality in the Chicago Peoples Gas Company study


Relationship of relative weight and body mass index to 14-year mortality in the Chicago Peoples Gas Company study



Journal of Chronic Diseases 28(2): 109-123



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9681

PMID: 1112866

DOI: 10.1016/0021-9681(75)90067-3

The importance of relative weight and body mass index to 14-year mortality of 1233 white men of the Chicago Peoples Gas Company Study was analysed by including a quadratic term for weight in the multiple logistic function. The endpoints of death, all causes, cardiovascular-renal death and coronary heart disease death had a significant quadratic relation to body mass index for the total group, while relative weight had a quadratic relation only with death, all causes. When considered separately for the 2 decades 40 to 49 and 50 to 59 years old, body mass continued to show an important quadratic relation to all 3 endpoints, while relative weight showed only an important quadratic relation to death, all causes among men 50 to 59 years old. When divided into smokers and nonsmokers, body mass index showed a significant quadratic relation to all endpoints except coronary heart disease death among nonsmokers, but relative weight was related quadratically only to total mortality in both groups.The weights corresponding to the lowest mortality were about 25 to 35% above "ideal" and in the group studied moderate overweight therefore seemed to be a sign of good health. The highest risk was in those near the so-called ideal weight and in those with a relative weight above 150 or 160.

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Accession: 000480950

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