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Response of female black flies to selected meteorological factors



Response of female black flies to selected meteorological factors



Environmental Entomology 5(4): 662-665



Hourly measurements of meteorological conditions and simuliid activity were made during daylight periods of 18 days from 20 June to 18 October 1975 in South Carolina. Analysis of the data indicated that the behavior of females attracted to host-simulation traps is affected by cloud types, light intensity and time of day. Combinations of such variables as relative humidity, barometric pressure, percentage of cloud cover and the hourly change in light intensity accounted for less than 25% of simuliid activity at individual trapping sites. Simuliid activity therefore appeared to be more dependent on unmeasured changes in microhabitat. Models for diurnal activity showed consistent patterns of behaviour. Activity was greater in the presence of cumuliform clouds than in the presence of stratiform clouds. Simulium slossanae D. & S., a primary vector of Leucocytozoon smithi in turkeys, was the predominant species at one trap.

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Accession: 000485649

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