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Results and experiences with heated turf playing surfaces from a long term viewpoint

Results and experiences with heated turf playing surfaces from a long term viewpoint

Rasen, Grunflachen, Begrunungen 7(3): 65-69

During 1964-1973 ten football pitches with soil heating were constructed in Sweden. Initially the turf rooting zone consisted of fine material, which tended to compact, but subsequently a 40:60% mixture by volume of peat and sand was used. In all cases the upper layer had an excess of clay or humus particles which resulted in waterlogging and a build-up of nutrients, particularly phosphates.

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