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Colostral immunity in piglets from sows vaccinated with inactivated Aujeszky disease virus vaccine



Colostral immunity in piglets from sows vaccinated with inactivated Aujeszky disease virus vaccine



Archives of Virology 60(1): 33-42



Neutralizing antibodies against ADV [Aujeszky's disease virus] were transmitted from sows, vaccinated with inactivated ADV adjuvanted with DEAE dextran, to their offspring via colostrum. The suckling piglets were protected by colostral immunity against contact infection with ADV at 1 wk p.p. [post-partum] but they were not protected against i.n. [intranasal] infection (108 TCD50 [median tissue culture infective dose]). At 2 and 3 wk p.p. all piglets were protected against both contact infection and i.n. infection. At 4 wk p.p. 50% of the litter were protected against i.n. infection, in spite of very low antibody titers (1:2-1:4). The colostral antibodies did not interfere with active antibody response when the piglets were vaccinated with the inactivated vaccine from 2 wk p.p. onward. Lymphocytes from suckling piglets of a vaccinated sow showed in vitro reactivity (enhanced 3H-thymidine incorporation) against ADV and BHK [baby hamster kidney] cell antigen, both contained in the vaccine used for the immunization of the sow.

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Accession: 000616915

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 226031

DOI: 10.1007/bf01318095


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