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Comparative trials of different cultivars and sources of Papaver somniferum


, : Comparative trials of different cultivars and sources of Papaver somniferum. Acta Horticulturae (73): 27-34

Alkaloid production, seed yield and capsule yield were recorded for a large number of opium poppy cvs from various sources. The morphine content was comparatively low in all cases (the maximum being 0.31%) whereas the thebaine and codeine contents of the empty ripe capsules were quite high (maxima 0.55% and 0.32%, respectively).

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Related references

Frick, S.; Kramell, R.; Schmidt, Jürgen.; Fist, A.J.; Kutchan, T.M., 2005: Comparative qualitative and quantitative determination of alkaloids in narcotic and condiment Papaver somniferum cultivars. In the present study morphinan, tetrahydrobenzylisoquinoline, benzo[c]phenanthridine, and phthalideisoquinoline alkaloids were determined qualitatively and quantitatively by HPLC and LC-MS analysis in tissues of the Tasmanian Papaver somniferum L....

Popov, P.; Dimitrov, I.; Deneva, T.; Georgiev, S.; Iliev, L., 1981: New poppy (Papaver somniferum) cultivars. The new opium poppy cvs Sadovo 1235 and Sadovo 1242 were compared with the standard cv. P-360. Sadovo 1235 was found to be especially valuable and is recommended for cultivation. It was more cold hardy than P-360 and suitable for autumn sowing on...

Sharma, D., 1980: Pollen morphology of two cultivars of Papaver somniferum L. Current science0, 49(18): 710-712

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Ziegler, Jörg.; Diaz-Chávez, Mía.Luisa.; Kramell, R.; Ammer, C.; Kutchan, T.M., 2005: Comparative macroarray analysis of morphine containing Papaver somniferum and eight morphine free Papaver species identifies an O-methyltransferase involved in benzylisoquinoline biosynthesis. Benzylisoquinoline alkaloids constitute a group of about 2,500 structures and are mainly produced by plants of the order Ranunculales. But only the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, and Papaver setigerum are able to produce morphine. In this study,...

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