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Isolation and characterization of the cuticle from the free-living nematode Panagrellus silusiae



Isolation and characterization of the cuticle from the free-living nematode Panagrellus silusiae



Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 5801: 166-174



The cuticle (0.15 to 0.5 microns thick) of the microscopic free-living nematode Panagrellus silusiae was isolated intact by incubating worms with 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate at 37 degrees C overnight. After shearing and further treatment with detergent, electron microscopy revealed that the cuticular pieces were free of contaminating material and retained their characteristic in situ ultrastructure. From amino acid determinations, the cuticle is collagen-like with high levels of glycine (approximately equal to 31 residue %), proline (approximately equal to 20 residue %) and alanine (approximately equal to 21 residue %) although the hydroxyproline (2.6 residue %) content is low. Half-cystine (approximately equal to 1 residue %) is present in purified cuticles. Treatment with 8 M guanidine hydrochloride-2% beta-mercaptoethanol can solubilize more than 85% of the cuticular preparation. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the solubilized cuticles from juvenile, adult and old dead worms revealed, at least, 18 discrete components. Estimated molecular weights ranged from about 26 000 (peak 1) to 250 000 (peak 18).

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Accession: 000687854

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PMID: 546435

DOI: 10.1016/0005-2795(79)90207-1


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