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Relationship of metal metabolism to vascular disease mortality rates in Texas



Relationship of metal metabolism to vascular disease mortality rates in Texas



American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 31(7): 1188-1197



The annual mortality rates for 1968 of six types of cardiovascular diseases among those persons over 45 years of age in 24 Texas communities were compared with respective community drinking water and urine metal levels of calcium, magnesium, potassium, lithium, strontium, and silicon. Numerous inverse correlations were found between mortality rates and the levels of various metals in both drinking water and urine. Positive correlations were also observed between several of the mortality rates and the ratio of the concentration of sodium to that of the other metals in both water and urine. Mean community urinary levels of lithium, magnesium, strontium, and silicon showed a direct correlation to the levels of exposure via the drinking water. The results of this study suggest that calcium, magnesium, lithium strontium, and silicon may protect against cardiovascular mortality; possibly, by competing with sodium and potassium for transport in the intestinal lumen, increasing excretion of sodium, or other mechanism.

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Accession: 000734228

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 665571

DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/31.7.1188


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