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'Swell dialysis' demonstrates that adenylate cyclase in Trypanosoma brucei is regulated by calcium ions



'Swell dialysis' demonstrates that adenylate cyclase in Trypanosoma brucei is regulated by calcium ions



European Journal of Biochemistry 1131: 223-227



A new technique, 'swell dialysis', is described that allows the study of cellular enzymes in situ if they are located in the cytoplasm or on the cytoplasmic face of any membrane. The technique is potentially applicable to any population of individual eukaryotic cells that lack a cell wall. In this study swell dialysis has been applied to an examination of the regulation of adenylate cyclase in blood-stream forms of Trypanosoma brucei (427-12/ICI-060). Adenylate cyclase in this protozoon is shown to be controlled by Ca2+. There is a 16-fold stimulation of the cyclase at 100 microM Ca2+ over basal activity without added Ca2+. The ability of Ca2+ to stimulate adenylate cyclase is lost upon rupture of the cell, which is reminiscent of the loss of control of the adenylate cyclase in Escherichia coli by sugars of the phosphotransferase system when cell breakage occurs. The physiological function of the Ca2+ activation of adenylate cyclase in T. brucei has not been established but a possible role in the change of surface coat in bloodstream forms should be considered.

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Accession: 000803101

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 6257514

DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1980.tb06160.x


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