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Bluetongue and related viruses in Nigeria: experimental infection of West African dwarf sheep with Nigeria strains of the viruses of epizootic haemorrhagic disease of deer and bluetongue



Bluetongue and related viruses in Nigeria: experimental infection of West African dwarf sheep with Nigeria strains of the viruses of epizootic haemorrhagic disease of deer and bluetongue



Veterinary Microbiology 5(3): 177-185



West African dwarf sheep were inoculated s.c. with epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer (EHD) virus or bluetongue (BT) virus. No clinical disease was observed following primary EHD or BT infection or subsequent challenge with homologous or heterologous virus. Viremia was detected in non-immune sheep exposed to BT virus but not in BT- or EHD-immune sheep challenged with either virus or in non-immune sheep exposed to primary EHD virus infection. Complement fixing antibodies developed against EHD and BT viruses following the primary infection with either virus or subsequent challenge with homologous or heterologous virus. Following a primary infection, virus-neutralizing (VN) antibodies developed against the inoculated virus; the detection of VN antibodies to both viruses followed the challenge of an EHD- or BT- immuned sheep with the homologous or heterologous virus. These findings support previous reports of a relationship between EHD and BT viruses.

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Accession: 000830830

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DOI: 10.1016/0378-1135(80)90003-6



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