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Classification of the orbiviruses, confusion in the use of terms bluetongue virus, bluetongue-like virus, bluetongue-related virus and the overall nomenclature



Classification of the orbiviruses, confusion in the use of terms bluetongue virus, bluetongue-like virus, bluetongue-related virus and the overall nomenclature



Australian Veterinary Journal 58(4): 164-165



Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the type species of the orbivirus group, which is at present classified into subgroups on the basis of serological relationships. Some orbiviruses, however, do not fit neatly into these serogroups. All members of the BTV genus are "bluetongue-like" but only those having one-way or partial serological relations with members of the BTV serogroup can be called "BT-related". Epizootic haemorrhagic disease (EHD) virus, being distantly related to BT virus is "BT-related". Hence some viruses are both BT-related and EHD-related. The authors believe that viruses showing any serological cross reactions should be placed in subgroups containing serogroups. Confusion also arises from the use of serotypes for some subgroups, and it is suggested that all orbiviruses be named after the place of first isolation. The need for international agreement and acceptance of this system is pointed out.

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Accession: 000840225

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 6289792

DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1982.tb00637.x



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