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Control of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae), on St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, using integrated pest management measures. I. Feasibility of sterile male releases



Control of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae), on St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, using integrated pest management measures. I. Feasibility of sterile male releases



Journal of Medical Entomology 18(3): 194-196



The feasibility of controlling the stable fly, S. calcitrans, on St. Croix, USA Virgin Islands using sterile male releases was evaluated. With the observed rates of increase, population densities, daily emergence rate and mass-rearing capacity, sterile male releases (SMR) are feasible during the dry season at sterile:fertile ratios of 0.5:1, 1:1 and 2:1 and at a 5:1 ratio if only a portion of the islands is to be treated. Fewer options are available during the wet season, because rates of increase are too great to use SMR alone at the 0.5:1 and 1:1 sterile:fertile ratios and only 1/2 of the island can be treated by 5:1. SMR might be integrated into a pest management program, since partial suppression is all that is necessary to reduce fly populations to levels low enough in both wet and dry seasons so that the SMR technique is feasible.

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Accession: 000848026

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7328605

DOI: 10.1093/jmedent/18.3.194


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