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Controls of eating

Controls of eating

The current interest in diet and weight control has given impetus to the study of the physiological and psychological mechanisms of eating. Many factors affect the dynamics of hunger and satiety and regulate food intake. These include physiological, biochemical and hormonal control: oral and gastrointestinal contacts of food; osmotic pressure and temperature; metabolic fuel reserves monitored by glucostatic and lipostatic mechanisms; and gonadal hormone balances. Neutral controls are operated by the ventromedial and lateral hypothalamus and by the limbic lobe and neocortex of the brain. Disorders in these anatomic sites may cause aphagia, hyperphagia or changes in taste discrimination. Learning also plays a significant role in diet selection, food preferences and aversions, in conditioned hunger and satiety. Mechanisms involved in changes in eating behavior which accompany human diseases are also discussed.

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Accession: 000848291

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