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Copper metabolism and requirements in total parenteral nutrition

Copper metabolism and requirements in total parenteral nutrition

Gastroenterology 81(2): 290-297

Copper metabolism and requirements in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition were studied in 28 patients with gastrointestinal diseases. During each of the 3 wk of the study period, each of 24 patients received in their total parenteral nutrition solutions, a daily dose of copper amounting to 0.25 mg, 1.05 mg, or 1.85 mg, in a random order. The other 4 patients received a fixed daily dose of 1 mg throughout the 3 wk. Increased losses of copper through the gastrointestinal tract occurred in patients with diarrhea or high-output stomas or fistulas. Patients with abnormalities of liver excretory functions had decreases in gastrointestinal copper losses. Urinary copper excretion was twice that of normal subjects. Copper infused in excess of the requirements was retained and not excreted. Plasma copper did not reflect the copper balance and cannot be used as a guide for copper supplementation. Copper requirements were found to be 0.3 mg/day in patients with normal amounts of gastrointestinal excretion. In the presence of diarrhea or increased fluid loss through gastrointestinal stomas or fistulas, the copper requirements for total parenteral nutrition are 0.4--0.5 mg/day.

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Accession: 000848531

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PMID: 6786953

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