Effects of incubation temperatures and bovine viral diarrhea virus immune serum on bovine turbinate cells persistently infected with a noncytopathogenic isolate of bovine viral diarrhea virus
Coria, M.F.; McClurkin, A.W.
American Journal of Veterinary Research 42(4): 647-649
Noncytopathogenic bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) on initial inoculation in receptive cells induced a persistence in vitro at incubation temperatures of 33, 37, and 39 C. The mechanisms of this persistence were not the result of the induction of defective interfering particles or the selection of temperature-sensitive mutants, but were the result of a naturally occurring noncytopathogenic isolate of BVDV. Persistently infected cells were not freed of the infection by continuous passage in media containing homologous antibody. Persistently infected cells appeared to undergo an earlier senescence than did noninoculated cells of the same passage level and age. This phenomenon was reversed by renewal of the culture media.