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Integrated management of insect and mite pests in commercial apple orchards in Massachusetts



Integrated management of insect and mite pests in commercial apple orchards in Massachusetts



Journal of Economic Entomology 73(4): 529-535



An integrated program of arthropod pest management was conducted in 8 commercial apple orchard blocks (approximately 4 ha each) in Massachusetts in 1978 and in 16 such blocks in 1979. The overall approach was use of visual traps, pheromone traps and visual inspection of fruit and foliage in intensive weekly or semi-weekly sampling of pest and beneficial predator populations [specifically Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois), Hoplocampa testudinea (Klug), Orthosia hibisci (Guenee), Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst), Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh), Quadraspidiotus perniciosus (Comstock), Panonychus ulmi (Koch), Tetranychus urticae (Koch), Aculus schlechtendali (Nalepa), Aphis pomi (DeGeer), Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani) (Adams and Prokopy 1980), Syrphus ribesi (L.), Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausmann) and Phyllonorycter crataegella Clemens], use of economic threshold levels of principal pests, and advisement to growers of need, optimal timing and type of pesticide to be applied for pest control. Compared with check blocks (which were treated with pesticide according to a traditional preventative-type program), integrated pest management blocks (both years combined) evidenced only 60% as much fruit injury, received only 63% as many insecticide and 37% as many miticide treatments, had substantially greater numbers of beneficial predators of pest mites and aphids, and realized a net benefit (exclusive of scouting and program management costs).

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Accession: 000913960

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DOI: 10.1093/jee/73.4.529


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