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Quantitative determination of the bitter sesquiterpenes from Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) and Cynara cardunculus (cardoon)

Quantitative determination of the bitter sesquiterpenes from Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) and Cynara cardunculus (cardoon)

Pharmaceutica Acta Helvetiae 57(7): 179-180

Leaves of the globe artichoke and cardoon are used medicinally. Analyses for bitter principles yielded the sesquiterpenes cynaropicrin, grosheimin and cynaratriol. Material from various countries differed in the relative contents of each compound, but the typical yield from Swiss cardoon leaves was 72% cynaropicrin, 13% grosheimin and 12% cynaratriol.

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