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Restoration of fertility in cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) Nicotiana Sylvestris by fusion with X-irradiated N. tabacum protoplasts



Restoration of fertility in cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) Nicotiana Sylvestris by fusion with X-irradiated N. tabacum protoplasts



Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 58(3-4): 121-127



Restoration of male fertility was achieved by fusing protoplasts from male sterile (CMS) Nicotiana sylvestris plants with X-irradiated protoplasts derived from fertile N. tabacum plants. The CMS N. sylvestris plants were derived from a previous somatic hybridization experiment and contained alien (Line 92) cytoplasm. About one quarter of the regenerated plants were found to be cybrids. i.e. they consisted of N. sylvestris nuclei combined with all or some components of N. tabacum cytoplasm. In one half of these cybrids male fertility was restored to different levels. The chloroplasts of the two parental donors differ in respect to tentoxin sensitivity: chloroplasts of CMS N. sylvestris are sensitive while those of N. tabacum are insensitive. It could therefore be demonstrated that there was an independent segregation of chloroplast type and male fertility/sterility: several somatic cybrids were male fertile but tentoxin sensitive and others were tentoxin insensitive yet they were male sterile. Only in about one half of the somatic cybrids was male fertility restored together with restoration to tentoxin insensitivity.

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Accession: 000971035

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24301342

DOI: 10.1007/bf00263102


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