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Sequence of the long terminal repeat and adjacent segments of the endogenous avian virus Rous-associated virus 0



Sequence of the long terminal repeat and adjacent segments of the endogenous avian virus Rous-associated virus 0



Journal of Virology 43(1): 191-200



Rous-associated virus 0 (RAV-0), an endogenous chicken virus, does not cause disease when inoculated into susceptible domestic chickens. An infectious unintegrated circular RAV-0 DNA was molecularly cloned, and the sequence of the long terminal repeat (LTR) and adjacent segments was determined. The sequence of the LTR was found to be very similar to that of replication-defective endogenous virus EV-1. Like the EV-1 LTR, the RAV-0 LTR is smaller (278 base pairs instead of 330) than the LTRs of the oncogenic members of the avian sarcoma virus-avian leukosis virus group. There is, however, significant homology. The most striking differences are in the U(3) region of the LTR, and in this region there are a series of small segments present in the oncogenic viruses which are absent in RAV-0. These differences in the U(3) region of the LTR could account for the differences in the oncogenic potential of RAV-0 and the avian leukosis viruses. I also compared the regions adjacent to the RAV-0 LTR with the available avian sarcoma virus sequences. A segment of approximately 200 bases to the right of the LTR (toward gag) is almost identical in RAV-0 and the Prague C strain of Rous sarcoma virus. The segment of RAV-0 which lies between the end of the env gene and U(3) is approximately 190 bases in length. Essentially this entire segment is present between env and src in the Schmidt-Ruppin A strain of Rous sarcoma virus. Most of this segment is also present between env and src in Prague C; however, in Prague C there is an apparent deletion of 40 bases in the region adjacent to env. In Schmidt-Ruppin A, but not in Prague C, about half of this segment is also present between src and the LTR. This arrangement has implications for the mechanism by which src was acquired. The region which encoded the gp37 portion of env appears to be very similar in RAV-0 and the Rous sarcoma viruses. However, differences at the very end of env imply that the carboxy termini of RAV-0, Schmidt-Ruppin A, and Prague C gp37s are significantly different. The implications of these observations are considered.

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Accession: 000978218

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PMID: 6286997


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