Supplemental niacin for lactating cows fed diets of natural protein or nonprotein nitrogen

Kung, L.; Gubert, K.; Huber, J.T.

Journal of Dairy Science 63(12): 2020-2025


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-0302
PMID: 7193694
DOI: 10.3168/jds.s0022-0302(80)83178-x
Accession: 000994727

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Thirty-two Holstein cows, 16 in early and 16 in midlactation, were assigned to four treatments: 1) soybean meal protein plus niacin; 2) soybean meal without niacin; 3) nonprotein nitrogen plus niacin; and 4) nonprotein nitrogen without niacin. Niacin dose was 6 g per day, and nonprotein nitrogen supplied 20% of total nitrogen for those treatments. Differences between treatments in milk yields were not significant, but milk persistencies tended to be highest for cows in early lactation fed niacin during wk 9 and 10 of treatment. Intakes of dry matter did not differ significantly, but cows fed nonprotein nitrogen without niacin had lowest intakes per 100 kg bodyweight. Differences between treatments in feed utilization, milk composition, bodyweight changes, plasma ammonia, rumen pH, rumen volatile fatty acids, dry matter digestibilities, nitrogen digestibilities, and retained nitrogen were not significant.