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A longitudinal hormonal profile of the genetically obese mouse



A longitudinal hormonal profile of the genetically obese mouse



Endocrinology 107(3): 671-676



Obese mice (C57BL/6J ob/ob) and their lean littermates were studied at various ages from immediately post weaning until 62 weeks of age, at which mortality increased markedly. Several age-related changes were noted. 1) Plasma glucose levels were elevated in obese mice 5-20 weeks and 62 weeks of age, but were similar to those in the lean mice at 20-60 weeks of age. Plasma insulin levels were elevated in obese mice, and there were no age-related differences. 2) Brain serotonin was elevated in obese mice at all ages and increased with age in both obese and lean animals. 3) Pituitary contents of ACTH and beta-endorphin were elevated in young obese mice and increased further as these mice approached their life expectancy. 4) The ratios of ACTH to beta-endorphin immunoreactivities were similar in obese and lean mice, except in obese mice over 50 weeks of age where this ratio was increased. We conclude that: 1) the obese mouse is characterized by hyperinsulinemia and hyperadrenocorticism throughout its life; 2) the insulin resistance of the obese mouse improves at 20 weeks of age, yet deteriorates as its life expectancy is approached; 3) the obese mouse has an elevated brain serotonin content similar to previously described elevations of the putative neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine in these mice; and 4) as the obese mouse approaches its life expectancy, abnormalities may occur in the synthesis, processing, or secretion of ACTH and/or beta-endorphine.

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Accession: 001038268

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PMID: 6249569

DOI: 10.1210/endo-107-3-671



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