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Changes in inorganic and organic soil phosphorus fractions induced by cultivation practices and by laboratory incubations



Changes in inorganic and organic soil phosphorus fractions induced by cultivation practices and by laboratory incubations



Soil Science Society of America Journal 46(5): 970-976



Changes in inorganic and organic P fractions resulting from 65 yr of cropping in a wheat-wheat-fallow rotation were studied using a sequential extraction technique. Total P content of the cultivated soil was 29% lower than that of the adjacent permanent pasture; the major loss of P (74% of total P lost) was organic P and residual P. Of the total P lost, 22% was from the extractable organic P forms, whereas 52% originated from stable P. Incubation studies were used to study seasonal P transformations during simulated fallow with and without residue incorporation and P fertilization. Nine monthly additions of cellulose (765 .mu.g C .cntdot. g-1 soil) with and without P (9 .mu.g .cntdot. g-1 soil) significantly altered levels of total extractable organic P and inorganic P in incubated soils. Evidence is provided for microbial activity playing a major role in redistributing P into different forms in the soil.

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Accession: 001052686

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DOI: 10.2136/sssaj1982.03615995004600050017x


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