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Hormonal control of casein synthesis in mammary explants from pregnant goats



Hormonal control of casein synthesis in mammary explants from pregnant goats



Endokrinologie 79(2): 301-307



The effects of insulin, cortisol, prolactin, 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine (L-T3) and progesterone on the synthesis of total protein and casein in mammary explants from pregnant goats were studied. In the absence of hormones and in the presence of insulin plus cortisol the rate of incorporation of 14C-leucine into proteins that were precipitated with the anti-casein antibody decreased during culture. The addition of prolactin to hormonal combination of insulin and cortisol caused large stimulation of rates of casein synthesis. Maximum incorporation of leucine was attained between 3 and 5 days of culture in the presence of 0.5 microgram ml-1 of prolactin. Prolactin stimulated-casein and total protein synthesis were not consistently affected by the addition of L-T3 or progesterone. The inhibition of DNA synthesis by hydroxyurea or cytosine-arabinofuranoside had no effect on casein synthesis in mammary explants from pregnant goats.

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Accession: 001085508

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PMID: 6751810



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