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How agro-based industries can promote rural development

How agro-based industries can promote rural development

Kurukshetra 31(12): 4-10, 23

In view of the high proportion of different types of agro-based industries in Andhra Pradesh, the study examined: (1) the impact of agro-based industries on rural employment; (2) the nature of the relationship between agro-based industries and cropping pattern; (3) the changing occupational structure of the rural population; (4) the influence of agro-based industries on the functioning of rural labour market in terms of wage rates, consequent upon the pressure of demand for labour; (5) related changes in the income level of the rural population; (6) migration and its multi-dimensional aspects; and, (7) the socioeconomic impact of different kinds of agro-based industries. Four agro-based industries, sugar, rice, tobacco and the khandasari sugar industry were selected for study. Data for the period 1967/68 to 1977/78 were collected from a sample of 801 respondents selected from two urban and two rural villages. The analysis showed that changes in the cropping pattern were related to setting up of agro-based industries. The setting up of agro-industries provided employment and generated additional income not only in the industrial sector but also in the farm and tertiary sector. Among the agro-based industrial crops covered, sugarcane required a greater number of man days than tobacco and paddy. The impact of agro-based industries on occupational positions was minimal as very few farmers participated in management. The setting up of agro-based industries brought a spectacular increase in wage rates, especially among women and children.

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