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Mycoplasma lipofaciens, a new species of avian origin

, : Mycoplasma lipofaciens, a new species of avian origin. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 33(2): 329-335

A mycoplasma designated strain R171T (type strain) was isolated from the infraorbital sinus of an adult chicken. This organism was assigned to the class Mollicutes and the order Myocoplasmatales on the basis of its morphological, physical and cultural characteristics. Its DNA base composition was 24.5 mol% guanine plus cytosine. Strain R171T was sterol dependent and since it did not produce helical forms or hydrolyze urea, it was assigned to the family Mycoplasmataceae and the genus Mycoplasma. Strain R171T fermented glucose, hydrolyzed arginine and produced films and spots. This strain was shown to be serologically distinct from 74 currently accepted mycoplasma species or serovars by growth inhibition, immunofluorescence and immunodiffusion tests, which were supported in some cases by metabolism inhibition tests. Strain R171T appears to be a new and distinct mycoplasma species, for which the name M. lipofaciens (= NCTC 10191T = ATCC 35015T) is proposed.

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Accession: 001101038

DOI: 10.1099/00207713-33-2-329

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