Resistance to reinfection with Schistosoma japonicum in the mouse
Garcia, E.G.; Mitchell, G.F.; Tiu, W.U.; Tapales, F.P.; Valdez, C.A.
Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 14(1): 133-139
BALB/c and outbred mice infected with a Philippine isolate of Schistosoma japonicum for 50 to 60 days expressed strong resistance to reinfection. The extent of this reinfection resistance ranged from 72 to 93% in 5 experiments (mean = 80% resistance) as determined by numbers of immature worms recovered from already infected and age- and sex-matched challenge control mice exposed 20 days previously to cercariae. Determination of numbers of recoverable worms from (the initial) infection suggest that adult worms are lost progressively during the period in which impressive resistance to reinfection is demonstrable. An important unresolved question is whether loss of adult worms is related in any way to expression of resistance to reinfection. Some indirect evidence indicates that the major component of reinfection resistance is expressed prior to day 4 of challenge infection. This evidence derives from analysis of lung petechiae which, in a primary infection, have been shown to provide an indication of number of adult worms which can be detected subsequently (e.g. at 30-40 days of infection). Although anti-parasite immune response have not yet been shown to be responsible for this apparent concomitant immunity, the magnitude of resistance to reinfection in the S. japonicum/mouse system should facilitate identification of any immunological effector mechanisms involved.