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Acute gangrenous mastitis in a cow

, : Acute gangrenous mastitis in a cow. Praktische Tierarzt 64(11): 1014-1017

Gangrenous mastitis in one quarter of a 7-year-old cow was caused by Clostridium perfringens; a previous infection of the affected quarter with Corynebacterium pyogenes may have been a predisposing factor.

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Related references

Schalm, O.W.; Lasmanis, J.; Jain, N.C., 1976: Conversion of chronic staphylococcal mastitis to acute gangrenous mastitis after neutropenia in blood and bone marrow produced by an equine anti-bovine leukocyte serum. A stock strain of Staphylococcus aureus of mastitis origin, characterized by alpha-, beta-, and delta-toxins, was used to produce chronic mastitis of 20 to 300 days' duration in 6 lactating mammary quarters of 4 cows. Early acute Streptococcu...

Gill, G., 1969: A case of acute gangrenous mastitis. Southwestern veterinarian: 23 (1) 65-66

Baumgartner, W., 1983: Acute gangrenous mastitis in the cattle. Praktische Tierarzt 64(11): 1014

Pisanu, S.; Contini, A., 1964: Further studies on acute and peracute gangrenous mastitis. A group of 1, 620 sheep was inoculated s/c in November, 1962, immediately after the lambs were weaned, with 3 ml. of a vaccine prepared from Micrococcus ovis killed with 0.4% formol, plus alpha and beta toxoids. A second group, of 1, 625 sheep, wa...

Korukov, G., 1968: Gangrenous mastitis in ewes. II. Characteristics of staphylococci isolated from healthy ewes, and from ewes with gangrenous mastitis. 48 strains of staphylococci were isolated from milk of ewes with gangrenous mastitis, 4 from milk of similarly infected goats, and 25 from milk from a flock of healthy ewes. All strains produced beta -haemolysins in the CAMP test and showed simila...

Koroukov G., 1968: Gangrenous mastitis in ewes ii characteristics of the staphylococci isolated from healthy ewes and from ewes with gangrenous mastitis. Veterinarno Meditsinski Nauki 5(8): 51-58

Agrimi, P.; Mazza, I. del, 1976: In vitro sensitivity to antibiotics of 80 strains of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from cases of bovine chronic mastitis and of 45 strains from cases of acute ovine gangrenous mastitis. The strains were isolated from single animal samples of milk. The following percentage of the strains were resistant to the 6 antibiotics tested: penicillin, 32 and 13%; ampicillin, 22 and 11%; cloxacillin, 5 and 7%; erythromycin, 0 and 9%; tetrac...

Schoonderwoerd, M.; Lewis, I.M.; Scholten, J.A., 1990: Acute gangrenous mastitis due to Clostridium perfringens type A and Escherichia coli in a cow. In June 1989 a 5-year-old Holstein cow which had calved 24 hours earlier was found recumbent and unable to rise but alert. On stripping the udder gas was present in both right quarters. Subcutaneous emphysema was also present on the entire right s...

Hara, S., 1971: Studies on bovine mastitis in relation to the development of gangrenous mastitis. The relationship between parturition and gangrenous mastitis development was studied. Of 106 cases examined during a 12-yr period, 80% occurred within l wk after calving, and anaerobic clostridia as well as aerobes such as haemolytic streptococci,...

Vautor, E.; Cockfield, J.; L.M.rechal, C.;, Y.; Chevalier, Mène.; Robinson, D.Ashley.; Thiery, R.; Lindsay, J., 2010: Difference in virulence between Staphylococcus aureus isolates causing gangrenous mastitis versus subclinical mastitis in a dairy sheep flock. Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in dairy sheep ranges from subclinical mastitis to lethal gangrenous mastitis. Neither the S. aureus virulence factors nor the host-factors or the epidemiological events contributing to the different outcomes are kno...