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Calcium and iron status in diabetic and control rats fed guar gum and fructose



Calcium and iron status in diabetic and control rats fed guar gum and fructose



Nutrition Reports International 28(6): 1207-1216



Young adult rats (20) with diabetes melitus and 20 control rats were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 4 diets for 6 wk. Diets met American Institute of Nutrition [USA] guidelines for all nutrients; and contained 33.25% sucrose or fructose; and either 4.3% guar gum plus 0.7% cellulose or 5% cellulose. Rats fed diets with cellulose when compared to those fed guar had higher (P < 0.05) Ca per tibia, though those fed cellulose consumed less Ca than those fed guar. Ending body, tibia and liver weights were similar but the percentage Ca in tibia and Ca to P ratios for control rats fed guar-sucrose diets were lower when compared to rats fed other diets. Sucrose-fed rats had lower Ca intake during a 24-h collection period than those fed fructose but Ca excretion was similar for rats fed all diets during this period. Rats fed cellulose-fructose had higher Fe/liver on a dry weight basis than guar-fructose diets but neither differed from those fed either guar-sucrose or cellulose-sucrose diets. Fe/total liver was not significantly different for rats fed the 4 diets. Fructose may favorable influence Ca and Fe status.

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Accession: 001168466

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