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Effect of rumen protein degradability on milk yield of dairy cows in early lactation

Effect of rumen protein degradability on milk yield of dairy cows in early lactation

Journal of Dairy Science 66(9): 1873-1880

Twenty-four mature Holstein cows were fed diets of 40% corn silage and 60% concentrate (dry matter) beginning at parturition through wk 16 of lactation. A control concentrate (corn, soybean meal, and barley) was fed through wk 4 followed by assignment of cows to either a concentrate of low or high rumen protein degradability. In situ trials with two fistulated cows fed similar diets yielded rumen protein degradabilities of 78.5, 70.3, 69.9, 67.3, 49.1, and 36.5% for barley, corn, corn gluten feed, soybean meal, brewer's grains, and cottonseed meal. The low degradability concentrate (corn, cottonseed meal, brewer's grains, and corn gluten feed) had an estimated rumen protein degradation of 52.9% and a total ration crude protein of 14.3%. The high degradability concentrate containing corn, barley, and soybean meal was 72.8% rumen degradable, and total ration protein for this treatment was 14.5%. Dry matter intakes were 21.0 and 22.0 kg/day for the low and high degradability diets. Milk yield, fat percent, and fat-corrected milk were not affected by treatment. Milk protein percent and protein yield decreased from 3.00 to 2.84% and 1.07 to .99 kg/day in the high and low degradability diets. Efficacy of use of degradability as a criterion for feed formulation is questioned until understanding of both feed protein breakdown and microbial synthesis is greater.

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Accession: 001189303

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 6630671

DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(83)82025-6

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