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Honey productivity of honeybee colonies in relation to body weight, attractivness and fecundity of the queen

Honey productivity of honeybee colonies in relation to body weight, attractivness and fecundity of the queen

Journal of Apicultural Research 22(4): 209-213

The relationship between queen weight, queen attractiveness, sealed brood area, and colony honey production were investigated using queens produced in California, USA. Queens' attractiveness to workers varied greatly, but was not correlated with any of the other measured parameters. Queen weight, 18 hours after removal from mating nuclei, averaged 214.4 mg and decreased to 207.9 mg after 8 days of storage and transit. The queens were transported in package colonies to Alberta, Canada, and subsequent data were obtained for 47 of the original 56 queens. At the peak of the honey flow average queen weight had increased to 292.9 mg. Honey production, which averaged 63 kg/colony, varied greatly (24-90 kg/colony) but was correlated positively both with sealed brood area and with queen weight after removal from the mating nuclei. A practical method of eliminating some of the less productive queens would be to remove them from the mating nuclei, when about 12 days old, and discard the lightest 15-25%.Author.

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