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Reversible conjugation of gibberellins in situ in maize



Reversible conjugation of gibberellins in situ in maize



Plant Physiology 73(2): 340-346



[3H]GA4 (1.33 Curies/mmol) and [3H]GA20 (2.36 Curies/mmol) were injected into the shanks of maize cobs during rapid grain filling and mature seeds were subsequently harvested. Extracts of mature, dry seeds from 1980 feeds yielded only 20-30% of the 3H radioactivity in acidic, ethyl acetate-soluble form; this was principally associated with the precursor, with lesser amounts of the major metabolite, [3H]GA (putative identification based on sequential SiO2 partition, and gradient-eluted reverse-phase C18 high performance liquid chromatography [HPLC]). Most of the radioactivity in the dry seeds was associated with compounds having partition characteristics of and co-chromatographing on sequential SiO2 partition and reverse-phase HPLC with glucosyl conjugates of the precursors (GA4 or GA20) and their probable major metabolite (GA1). The majority of conjugate associated with the precursor GA4 eluted coincidental with GA4 glucoside. Subsequent acid or enzymic hydrolysis (.beta.-glucosidase or cellulase) yielded the free GA putative identification being based on isocratic HPLC of each 3H-labeled conjugate .fwdarw. hydrolysis .fwdarw. isocratic HPLC of the 3H-labeled hydrolysate. Upon imbibition of the seeds, radioactivity associated with the conjugate fraction decreased; concomitantly, statistically significant increases in levels of free [3H]GA-like compounds were observed. Although the specific ratios of GA-like and CA-glucosyl conjugate-like substances varied substantially across years, hybrids, and even in different plants from the same hybrid, this reversible conjugation (i.e., apparent conjugation during seed maturation followed by release of the GA moiety during germination), was reproducible for [3H]GA20 in seed from 2 maize hybrids produced over 2 yr.

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Accession: 001246895

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PMID: 16663218

DOI: 10.1104/pp.73.2.340


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