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Spleen cell-mediated suppression of IgG production to a non-parasite antigen during chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection in mice



Spleen cell-mediated suppression of IgG production to a non-parasite antigen during chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection in mice



Journal of Immunology 131(4): 1978-1982



Splenic plaque-forming cell (PFC) responses to TNP-BGG (thymus-dependent) and TNP-Ficoll (thymus-independent) were measured during acute and chronic T. cruzi infections produced in C57BL/10 mice. The number of anti-TNP PFC to both antigens was suppressed as has been shown. Approximately 40% of untreated mice survived acute disease to enter chronic T. cruzi infection characterized by a decrease in parasitemia, a reduction in spleen size, a return to normal of the IgM responses to TNP-BGG and TNP-Ficoll, persistant polyclonal activation, and continued suppression of the IgG responses to TNP-BGG. Mice that were drug-treated during the acute disease had high survival rates and similar immune response patterns, ie., suppressed IgG PFC responses to TNP-BGG and normal IgM PFC responses to TNP-BGG and TNP-Ficoll. The selective suppression of the IgG response was transferred to nonirradiated syngeneic recipients by Thy-1.2-positive cells present in the spleens of chronically infected mice. These observations may be interpreted to suggest the persistence of nonspecific suppressor T cells during chronic T. cruzi infections.

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Accession: 001254593

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PMID: 6225801



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