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A cytogenetic study of monosomics in Brassica napus L


A cytogenetic study of monosomics in Brassica napus L



Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 27(6): 683-688



DOI: 10.1139/g85-102

Two types of monosomic plants of Brassica napus L. were discovered among the backcross progenies of crosses between Diplotaxis muralis L. and B. napus and between Brassica juncea L. and B. napus. These monosomics were designated mono-1 and mono-2, respectively. Morphologically the monosomic plants were virtually indistinguishable from their sib disomic plants. Seed production on both mono-1 and mono-2 plants was normal. Cytological examination revealed that most pollen mother cells (85%) of mono-1 plants formed 18 bivalents plus one univalent at diakinesis, while the remainder (15%) formed 17 bivalents plus a trivalent. The univalent in mono-1 was submetacentric and its two arms were always stained more lightly than the centromeric region. Later meiotic stages in mono-1 plants appeared normal. The plants of mono-1 produced two types of pollen grains which were different in size. Both the large and small pollen grains of mono-1 were deeply stained with an I2-KI solution. Meiotic behavior of mono-2 plants was similar to that of mono-1 plants, but the frequency of trivalent formation was higher (62%). The univalent in mono-2 was longer than the two chromosomes it paired with to form a trivalent. Pollen produced on mono-2 plants was uniform in size and comparable to that of the normal disomics.

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Accession: 001284742

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