+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Butanol degradation and volatilization in soils amended with spent acid or sulfuric acid



Butanol degradation and volatilization in soils amended with spent acid or sulfuric acid



Journal of Environmental Quality 14(1): 83-86



Butanol persistence may be an important consideration in determining the phytotoxic effects of alkylation spent acid added to soils. The degradation and volatilization of n(1-14C)butanol were monitored in 2 calcareous soils from New Mexico [USA] amended or not with spent or reagent grade H2SO4. Degradation of butanol to CO2 was rapid and was the primary mechanism of loss from these soils. After 20 days, 14CO2 evolution averaged 58 and 51% of the added 14C for Glendale clay (Typic Torrifluvents) and Lea sandy loam (Petrocalcic Paleustolls), respectively; a majority of this loss occurred within 2 days. Acid type (spent or reagent grade) did not affect degradation, but 14CO2 production increased with acid rate. Volatilization was essentially complete within 1 day and averaged 8 and 16% of the added 14C for the Glendale clay and Lea sandy loam soils, respectively. Acid rate, but not acid type, affected volatilization loss. The summation of degradation and volatilization losses was similar for both soils and averaged 67% after 20 days, a majority of which was lost within 2 days.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 001311102

Download citation: RISBibTeXText


Related references

Application of spent sulfuric alkylation acid and sulfuric acid to two New Mexico soils. 1985

Utilization of spent petrochemical sulfuric acid in the production of wet-process phosphoric acid. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 80(12): 1331-1338, 2005

Radiolysis of Sulfuric Acid, Sulfuric Acid Monohydrate, and Sulfuric Acid Tetrahydrate and its Relevance to Europa. Icarus 215(1): 370-380, 2011

Efficiency of hydro chloric acid and sulfuric acid acidulated rock phosphates for rice oryza sativa on acid soils. Plant and Soil 50(3): 575-584, 1978

Tuning the diffusion dialysis performance by surface cross-linking of PPO anion exchange membranes--simultaneous recovery of sulfuric acid and nickel from electrolysis spent liquor of relatively low acid concentration. Journal of Hazardous Materials 109(1-3): 157-164, 2004

Effect of sulfuric acid on ammonia volatilization under furrow irrigation. Libyan Journal of Agriculture 9: 173-182, 1980

Effect of acidification with sulfuric acid on the volatilization of ammonia from cow and pig slurries. Journal of Agricultural Science 113(3): 389-396, 1989

Phenolization of red pine sulfuric acid lignin and guaiacyl sulfuric acid lignin model in the presence of sulfuric acid catalyst. Mokuzai Gakkaishi = Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society 35(6): 513-520, 1989

Sulfuric acid aerosols and hydro chloric acid release in coastal atmospheres evidence of rapid formation of sulfuric acid particulates. Atmospheric Environment 14(2): 165-182, 1980

Evaporation of water through butanol films at the surface of supercooled sulfuric acid. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 109(33): 7449-7457, 2005

Sulfuric acid for the treatment of ammoniated irrigation water: I. Reducing ammonia volatilization. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings 39(3): 544-548, 1975

On the volatilization of nitrogen during nitrification in soils under vinyl covered culture part 6 effects of changing some soil conditions on nitrous acid volatilization. Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture Ibaraki University (19): 29-39, 1971

Sulfuric acid baking and leaching of spent Co-Mo/Al2O3 catalyst. Journal of Hazardous Materials 166(2-3): 1540-1544, 2009

The inhibition of N2O5 hydrolysis in sulfuric acid by 1-butanol and 1-hexanol surfactant coatings. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 111(15): 2921-2929, 2007