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Dip treatment of tropical ornamental foliage cuttings in fluvalinate to prevent spread of insect and mite infestations



Dip treatment of tropical ornamental foliage cuttings in fluvalinate to prevent spread of insect and mite infestations



Journal of Economic Entomology 79(2): 465-470



Cuttings of tropical ornamental foliage plants were dipped in fluvalinate at rates of 0.84, 1.68, and 3.36 g (AI)/100 liters of water for the control of Tetranychus urticae Koch, Phenacoccus solani Ferris, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood). When cuttings were dipped for 1 min in the 1.68-g rate of fluvalinate, populations of all pest species were reduced by at least 70%. Phytotoxicity studies were also conducted with the following plant species: Dieffenbachia maculata (Lodd.) G. Don. Dracaena marginata Lam., Codiaeum variegatum (L.) Blume, Cissus rhombifolia Vahl, Cordyline terminalis (L.) Kunth, Epipremnum aureum (Linden and Andre) Bunt., Ficus pumila L., Hedera helix L., Hoya carnosa (L.f.) R. Br., Maranta leuconeura E. Morr. kerchoviana, Peperomia obtusifolia (L.) A. Dietr., and Philodendron scandens oxycardium (Schott) Bunt. No noticeable foliar damage was observed for any of the species tested. Significant reductions in number of roots or root weight were obtained for C. rhombifolia and C. terminalis when they were dipped in fluvalinate at the 3.36-g rate for 2 min. All other species had normal to increased root development as a result of dipping. Concentration of fluvalinate in the dip solution had more effect on the expression of phytotoxicity in C. terminalis than did the amount of time cuttings were in the dip solution.

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Accession: 001336780

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DOI: 10.1093/jee/79.2.465



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