Economic implications of a regional uniform planting date cotton production system: Texas Rolling Plains
Masud, S.M.; Lacewell, R.D.; Boring, E.P.I.I.I.; Fuchs, T.W.
Journal of Economic Entomology 78(3): 535-541
To control boll weevils, Anthonomus grandis grandis Boheman, and high costs of production, the delayed uniform planting date (UPD) cotton production system has been recommended by entomologists in the Texas Rolling Plains since 1973. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the UPD cotton production system in the region. Economic analysis of the UPD system in the 27-county area of the region consisted of regression, budgeting and risk and regional and state impact analysis using data from 1970-1981. The estimated cotton yield equation emphasized the importance of the UPD-lint yield increased about 28 kg/ha for counties practicing this production system. Yields increased in the face of dramatically higher cotton hectares. Costs of insecticide, cottonseed and labor per ha were lower with the UPD as compared to the conventional production system. The resulting increase in net returns for the UPD cotton was $52.78/ha. Coefficients of variation of yields and net returns show that the UPD is associated with less risk in 7 of 9 yr compared with the conventional production system. Annual economic impact is between $36 and $192 million for the region and between $57 and $305 million for the state.