Effect of co-infection by Fusarium oxysporum and cowpea mosaic virus on the growth and colonization of cowpea seedlings (Vigna unguiculata Walp.)
Chant, S.R.; Gbaja, I.S.
Journal of Phytopathology 116(1): 81-87
ISSN/ISBN: 0931-1785 DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.1986.tb00897.x
Combined infection of cowpea seedlings (cv. 'California Blackeye') by cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) and Fusarium oxysporum induced greater losses in leaf area, fresh and dry weights than infection hy either pathogen alone. The growth of seedlings infected by F. oxysporum f. sp. tracheiphilum was less than that of comparable seedlings infected by F. oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli. The virus infectivity of extracts of the trifoliate leaves of dual-infected plants was significantly higher than that of comparable extracts from the leaves of plants singly infected with CPMV. The nature of the effects of multiple infection in cowpea is discussed.