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Estimating macroporosity in a forest watershed by use of a tension infiltrometer



Estimating macroporosity in a forest watershed by use of a tension infiltrometer



Soil Science Society of America Journal 50(3): 578-582



The ability to obtain sufficient field hydrologic data at reasonable cost can be an important limiting factor in applying transport models. A procedure is described for using ponded-flow- and tension-infiltration measurements to calculate transport parameters in a forest watershed. Thirty infiltration measurements were taken under ponded-flow conditions and at 3, 6, and 15 cm (H2O) tension. It was assumed from capillarity theory that pores > 0.1-, 0.05-, and 0.02-cm diam, respectively, were excluded from the transport process during the tension infiltration measurements. Under ponded flow, 73% of the flux was conducted through macropores (i.e., pores > 0.1-cm diam.). An estimated 96% of the water flux was transmitted through only 0.32% of the soil volume. In general the larger the total water flux the larger the macropore contribution to total water flux. The Shapiro-Wilk normality test indicated that water flux through both matrix pore space and macropores was log-normally distributed in space.

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Accession: 001359893

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