Hepatic microsomal function in rats with chronic dietary iron overload
Bacon, B.R.; Healey, J.F.; Brittenham, G.M.; Park, C.H.; Nunnari, J.; Tavill, A.S.; Bonkovsky, H.L.
Gastroenterology 90(6): 1844-1853
We determined whether alterations in hepatic microsomal function occur in association with iron-induced lipid peroxidation in vivo in rats with chronic dietary iron overload. In rats fed a 2.0% carbonyl iron diet for a period of 20 wk, there was no significant microsomal conjugated diene formation (evidence of microsomal lipid peroxidation) or difference in cytochrome P450 concentration found at mean (+/- SEM) hepatic iron concentrations of 1210 +/- 92 micrograms/g liver (wet wt) or 2730 +/- 100 micrograms/g. At a hepatic iron concentration of 4090 +/- 245 micrograms/g, however, there was significant conjugated diene formation (p less than 0.001) and a 56% decrease in the cytochrome P450 concentration (p less than 0.001). In rats fed a 2.5% carbonyl iron diet for 10 wk, achieving a liver iron concentration of 4820 +/- 420 micrograms/g, there was significant microsomal conjugated diene formation (p less than 0.001), a 35% reduction in cytochrome P450 (p less than 0.005), and a 16% reduction in aminopyrine demethylase activity (p less than 0.025), but only an 8% reduction in glucose-6-phosphatase activity (p = not significant). Finally, in rats fed a 3.0% iron-supplemented diet for 7 wk, achieving a liver iron concentration of 2730 +/- 205 micrograms/g, there was a 23% reduction in cytochrome P450 (p less than 0.025), a 28% reduction in cytochrome b5 (p less than 0.001), and a 47% increase in heme oxygenase activity (p less than 0.025) (heme oxygenase activity measured in this group only). We conclude that oral iron loading can produce microsomal lipid peroxidation in vivo that is associated with selective decreases in microsomal hemoprotein concentrations and cytochrome P450-dependent enzymes.