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Patterns of DNA and chromosome variation during in vitro growth in various genotypes of potato

Patterns of DNA and chromosome variation during in vitro growth in various genotypes of potato

Plant Science, Ireland 41(1): 69-78

Patterns of variation in nuclear DNA content and chromosome number were analysed in a temporal sequence, during in vitro growth of calli and cell suspensions in two monohaploids, a dihaploid and a tetraploid of potato (Solanum tuberosum). The results showed that both polyploidization and aneuploidy occurred during the initial stages of callus induction in all the genotypes. With further growth of callus, the frequency and extent of polyploidy and aneuploidy increased. In addition, the patterns of DNA and chromosome variation in cell suspension cultures revealed continued mitotic activity and transmission of cells with higher ploidy levels and aneuploidy. The results suggest that endoreduplication as well as endomitosis are important mechanisms of polyploidization, and that chromosome lagging and non-disjunction contribute to the production of aneuploidy. The various genotypes cultured under the same in vitro growth conditions differed in genetic instability, as assessed from the rate and degree of polyploidization and aneuploidy. Monohaploids showed more rapid rate of polyploidization than the dihaploid and tetraploid potatoes. It was concluded that the differences in genetic stability were due to different ploidy levels and genetic make-up of the genotypes.

Accession: 001425800

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DOI: 10.1016/0168-9452(85)90067-6

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