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Root biomass and root distribution of the meadow grasses Alopecurus pratensis, Arrhenatherum elatius and Bromus erectus under different nitrogen and water supply in pure and mixed cultures



Root biomass and root distribution of the meadow grasses Alopecurus pratensis, Arrhenatherum elatius and Bromus erectus under different nitrogen and water supply in pure and mixed cultures



Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft fur Okologie 11: 397-410



The root biomass of the three meadow grasses, Alopecurus pratensis (representative of moist, nitrogen-rich meadows), Arrhenatherum elatius (mainly found in fresh, nitrogen-rich meadows), and Bromus erectus (representative of dry, nitrogen-poor meadows), was studied in lysimeters with or without interspecific competition at different rates of nitrogen and different groundwater levels over three vegetative periods (1974 to 1976). Alopecurus showed the highest root biomass under all conditions.

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