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Chapter 1,474

Supplementation of copper as copper sulfate or copper proteinate for growing calves fed forages containing molybdenum

Kincaid, R.L.; Blauwiekel, R.M.; Cronrath, J.D.

Journal of Dairy Science 69(1): 160-163

1986


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-0302
DOI: 10.3168/jds.s0022-0302(86)80381-2
Accession: 001473305

Holstein calves (age > 12 wk old) were assigned to dietary treatments of 1) no supplemental copper, 2) copper proteinate, 3) copper sulfate. The copper supplements were incorporated into premixes and added to a pelleted concentrate. The concentrates were fed at 1.8 kg per head per d and contained 5, 19, or 19 ppm copper and .6 ppm molybdenum by analysis. All calves were fed a grass hay free-choice, which contained 1 ppm copper and 5 ppm molybdenum. Ratios of copper to molybdenum were .9, 2.8, and 2.8 for diets 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Copper concentrations in plasma were significantly greater at wk 12 in calves fed copper proteinate than control or calves supplemented with copper sulfate. Liver copper also was higher at wk 12 in calves fed copper proteinate. Final body weights, plasma zinc, plasma iron, hemoglobin, and hematocrit were not affected by treatment. Bioavailability of dietary copper from copper proteinate was greater than from copper sulfate for calves fed diets containing molybdenum.

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