+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The microclimate of an upland grassland



The microclimate of an upland grassland



Grass & Forage Science 40(2): 201-212



Continuous hourly measurements of air and soil temperatures, irradiance and wind velocity, and less frequent measurements of soil water status and dry matter (DM) yield were recorded over two growing seasons and the intervening winter 1978-79 for an enclosed upland grassland in Cumbria, with the aim of establishing realistic combinations of environmental factors for the design of experiments under controlled conditions. Important features of the microclimate included high diurnal and day-to-day variation in enviromental temperature, relatively high winter soil temperatures, variation between years in the influence of altitude upon irradiance, low wind velocity throughout the year at plant height and the loss of DM yield in the early summer of 1978 due to severe drought. Combinations of environmental factors throughout the 2 years can be obtained from the figures presented; in particular, the records indicate that in growth-cabinet or greenhouse experiments associated with the breeding or selection of cultivars for earlier DM production in spring, it is important to combine low temperatures (.ltoreq. 10.degree. C) with realistic levels of irradiance (.gtoreq. 200 W m-2) and daylength (12.5-15 h).

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 001489567

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2494.1985.tb01738.x


Related references

Upland Soil Cluster Gamma dominates methanotrophic communities in upland grassland soils. Science of the Total Environment 670: 826-836, 2019

1986 survey of upland grassland in England and Wales: changes in age structure and botanical composition since 1970-72 in relation to grassland management and physical features. Grass and Forage Science 43(2): 185-198, 1988

Microclimate and grassland. Publ Amer Assoc Advance Sci 53: 263-274, 1959

The effect of fire on the grassland microclimate. Herbage Abstracts 50(12): 589-603, 1980

Microclimate and evapotranspiration in two wet grassland communities. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica 13(2): 113-128, 1978

Analysis of characters microclimate of intercropping ecosystems in upland red soil. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis 29(4): 634-637, 643, 2007

Microclimate and production of a native grassland. A micrometeorological study. Oecologia Plantarum 9(4): 333-363, 1974

Comparison of microclimate at grassland bird nests with different substrates. Prairie Naturalist ch; 37(1): 21-28, 2005

Does microclimate affect grasshopper populations after cutting of hay in improved grassland?. Journal of Insect Conservation 13(1): 97-102, 2009

Early season production and microclimate associated with topography in a C4 dominated grassland. Acta Oecologica, Oecologia Plantarum 6(4): 337-346, 1985

Micrometeorology: 10. Relationships between the canopy microclimate and structure of the Matador grassland. Technical Report, Matador Project, University of Saskatchewan (55): 99, 1974

Data to the microclimate of some characteristic grassland associations of the Transdanubian mountains. Acta Botanica Hungarica 48(1/2): 9-27, 2006

Recording microclimate in upland rice by Piche evaporimeter and correspondence with leaf blast development. Journal of Plant Protection in the Tropics 9(2): 125-132, 1992

Microhabitat selection in a grassland butterfly a trade-off between microclimate and food availability. Journal of Insect Conservation 16(6): 857-865, 2012

Effect of microclimate on leaf temperature of two subalpine grassland plants in Tatachia area. Journal of the Experimental Forest of National Taiwan University 15(2): 95-107, 2001