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Viroid - the smallest plant pathogen

, : Viroid - the smallest plant pathogen. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology 1(3): 199-206

A review of the structure, biochemical and biophysical properties and mode of replication in these organisms, with particular reference to potato spindle tuber viroid.

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Related references

Zhu, B.M., 1981: The smallest plant pathogen -- viroid (I). Viroid diseases in China include potato spindle tuber, fairly widespread and causing quite heavy losses; citrus exocortis, in the citrus fruit producing regions; and chrysanthemum stunt and chrysanthemum chlorotic mottle.

Flores, R., 2001: A naked plant-specific RNA ten-fold smaller than the smallest known viral RNA: the viroid. Viroids are subviral plant pathogens at the frontier of life. They are solely composed by a single-stranded circular RNA of 246-401 nt with a compact secondary structure. Viroids replicate autonomously when inoculated into their host plants and in...

Orozco-Vargas, G.; Galindo-Alonso, J., 1986: Ecology of tomato plant macho viroid i. natural host plants agroecosystem effect on viroid incidence and influence of temperature on viroid distribution. Seeds were collected from 53 plant species representing 15 families of the vegetation found in tomato regions of the State of Morelos [Mexico]. When seedlings from the collected seeds were inoculated mechanically with the tomato planta macho viroi...

Wahn, K.R.senberg-De-Gomez, F.S.nger, H., 1980: Cytopathology of viroid-infected plant tissue. I. Alterations of plasmalemma and cell wall in Gynura aurantiaca after infection with the viroid of the exocortis disease of citrus citrus exocortis viroid. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift = Journal of phytopathology8(1): 1-18

Collins, R.F.; Gellatly, D.L.; Sehgal, O.P.; Abouhaidar, M.G., 1998: Self-cleaving circular RNA associated with rice yellow mottle virus is the smallest viroid-like RNA. We report the sequence, structural features, and self-cleaving activity of the small circular RNA (sc-RNA) associated with rice yellow mottle sobemovirus (RYMV). At 220 nucleotides, the RYMV sc-RNA represents the smallest naturally occurring viroi...

Pelchat, M.; Deschênes, P.; Perreault, J.P., 1999: The database of the smallest known auto-replicable RNA species: viroids and viroid-like RNAs. This is an online database in order to facilitate research on viroid, viroid-like RNAs and human hepatitis delta virus by presenting a large number of sequences and related data in a comprehensive and user-friendly format (e.g., position of their...

Syller, J., 2000: Plant-pathogen-vector interactions in mixed infections by potato leafroll virus and potato spindle tuber viroid. Phytopathology 90(6 Supplement): S75, June

Owens, R.; Cress, D.1; Diener, T., 1983: Viroid cDNA--uses in viroid detection and molecular biology Plant disease. Genetic engineering applications to agriculture: invited papers symposium May 16-19-1982 Beltsville Agricultural Research Center BARC Beltsville Md LD Owen ed spon Agricultural Research Service USDA: 194

Fekih-Hassen, I.R.ussel, S.K.mmert, J.F.khfakh, H.M.rrakchi, M.J.jakli, M., 2006: Development of a Rapid RT-PCR Test for the Detection of Peach Latent Mosaic Viroid, Pear Blister Canker Viroid, Hop Stunt Viroid and Apple Scar Skin Viroid in Fruit Trees from Tunisia. A reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was developed to investigate the occurrence of 'peach latent mosaic viroid' (PLMVd), 'pear blister canker viroid' (PBCVd), 'hop stunt viroid' (HSVd) and 'apple sc...

Navarro, B.; Pantaleo, V.; Gisel, A.; Moxon, S.; Dalmay, T.; Bisztray, Görgy.;, F.; Burgyán, József., 2010: Deep sequencing of viroid-derived small RNAs from grapevine provides new insights on the role of RNA silencing in plant-viroid interaction. Viroids are circular, highly structured, non-protein-coding RNAs that, usurping cellular enzymes and escaping host defense mechanisms, are able to replicate and move through infected plants. Similarly to viruses, viroid infections are associated w...