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Association of the virD2 protein with the 5' end of T strands in Agrobacterium tumefaciens



Association of the virD2 protein with the 5' end of T strands in Agrobacterium tumefaciens



Journal of Bacteriology 170(8): 3367-3374



The soil bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens can incite tumors in many dicotyledonous plants by transferring a portion (T-DNA) of its Ti plasmid into susceptible plant cells. The T-DNA is flanked by border sequences that serve as recognition sites for specific cleavage by an endonuclease that comprises two virD-encoded proteins (VirD1 and VirD2). After cleavage, both double-stranded, nicked T-DNA molecules and single-stranded T-DNA molecules (T strands) were present. We have determined that a protein is tightly associated with, and probably covalently attached to, the 5' end of the T strands. Analysis of deletion derivatives in Escherichia coli, immunoprecipitation, and a procedure combining immunoblot and nucleic acid hybridizadtion data identified this protein as the gene product of virD2.

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Accession: 001533423

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PMID: 3403506


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